A well-functioning European railway system is crucial for the mobility shift and a just green transition. After two decades, the liberalisation of rail transport is revealing consequences that must be discussed in the interests of workers, passengers and the necessary fight against the climate crisis. To this end, AK EUROPA, together with the Austrian trade union vida and the European Transport Workers’ Federation (ETF), organised the event “Railway liberalisation. Lessons Learned” in Brussels in April 2024.