The digital and green transition of the economy and Europe's strong position in the global economy require a revival of active industrial policy. To discuss challenges and strategies with experts and representatives from institutions and interest groups, AK EUROPA organised a roundtable in Brussels on 23 May 2024. In their opening statements, AK President Renate Anderl and Werner Raza, Head of the Austrian Foundation for Development Research, argued in favour of fair funding of the transition and social conditionalities.