Public services, particularly water supply and sanitation, are indispensable for the population. Austria’s water supply is very high quality and affordable, and provides a comprehensive supply. It is also in a strong position compared with other European countries, as the results of this study show. International studies show the negative effects of privatising public services, including increased prices, deteriorating supply for the population and reduced investment in infrastructure. As such, there has been a clear trend towards re-municipalisation in recent years.