The World Trade Organisation (WTO) was established in 1995 with the objective to create the same conditions for all members. However, according to the view of the European Commission (EC), which acts as the representative of the Member States within the WTO, this objective is no longer satisfactorily fulfilled. That is why the EC has now complied with its own demand and presented a concept paper on the modernisation of the WTO on 18 September 2018. The main focus of the Commission is thereby on updating the rules, developing the monitoring function including sanctions and on averting an imminent blocking of the dispute settlement system.